Journal Article Title: Forensic Engineering Analysis of Pedestrian Trauma Using BioMedical and Accident Reconstruction Engineering Methods
Article Author(s): Lamb, D. Rowland, P.E., Liptai, Laura L., Ph.D.
Volume: 23
Volume #: 2
Month: December
Year: 2006

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Abstract:

This study examines the theory and methods of forensic engineering analysis applied to pedestrian trauma and fatality. Optimally approached with the collective analysis of both the Accident Reconstruction Engineer and BioMedical Engineer, the Accident Reconstruction Engineer translates the physical evidence related to the vehicle and scene while the BioMedical Engineer interprets the physical evidence related to the human body in the biological tissues. With both disciplines, a collaborative understanding can be gained using the vehicular and human tissue physical evidence available. The case presented involves a pedestrian verses an automobile. The collision between a pedestrian and automobile resulted in the death of the pedestrian. Physical evidence on the vehicle included: a dent in the front right fender; a spider web glass fracture pattern on the windshield in the lower right comer; and a dent in the right A-pillar. This study will also demonstrate what can be learned from the absence of classic physical evidence on the vehicle and on the pedestrian as well as the determination of when a kinematic study is appropriate for pedestrian verses automobile investigation.